Scrum is a project management system that allows small teams to develop complex products incrementally. Scrum is about how people work, not what they do. Scrum is based on agile principles and is the most widely used agile methodology. Scrum teams create software in sprints and release the code they have worked on every two week. Customers get bug fixes and new features immediately after they’re done. There’s also less risk. What is Scrum?
Scrum is the most widely used agile project management framework in software development companies. Scrum can be used in schools and agencies, government, as well as other types of organizations. Jeff Sutherland, Ken Schwaber and others introduced Scrum in the early 1990s. Scrum is a rugby term that describes a group of people who gather around a ball to try to move it down the field. Scrum is a metaphor that demonstrates how everyone must work together to complete a project. Frameworks and Project Management Methodologies
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Scrum requires that you deliver new functionality and code to your customers every two weeks. These two weeks are one sprint. The entire workflow is built around them. We’ll discuss what happens before, during, and after a sprint to better understand Scrum. BEFORE YOU CAN GO coding, you must first plan what you will do. Scrum doesn’t have big master plans like Waterfall, where you lock up your resources months ahead of time. Scrum allows you to focus on one thing for two weeks, then look ahead to what you’ll do next. Your clients/users are the first to start everything. First, you receive a wishlist from your customers in a special format known as user story. It looks like this: As (role), I want (feature), so that (reason), eg. I need custom time reporting to calculate the exact salary of my employees as a manager. Next, create a task for each user tale, place it in a backlog and estimate each task together with your team. The final step is to decide what items you will be working on during the sprint. If an item is too difficult to complete in one sprint, it’s called a epic. You have three options. You can either split it into several sprints or leave it for later. Or, you can create a new project and create a team to work on it. DURING SPRINT A Kanban board is used to visually track progress, identify who is working on what, and manage bottlenecks. The Kanban board is often divided into multiple task lists (columns). Backlog – All feature requests and bugs go here first
Next Sprint – Tasks you’ll be working on after the team finishes their current sprint
To-Do – What the team must complete during the current sprint
In Progress – Tasks that the team is currently working on
Testing – Tasks that are completed and need to be tested before being marked as complete
Done – tasks that have been completed and are ready for shipping once the sprint ends
Once you have decided which items to work on, the team pulls the tasks from the To Do columns and moves them to In Progress. Once the task is completed, it goes to Testing. If the task requires more work, it returns to In Progress. Once the task meets the Definition of Done criteria, it goes on to Done and can be shipped. Every day, the team holds a standup meeting before going to work. The meeting lasts no more than 1